Jones, Sir William


Jones, Sir William
(28 sep. 1746, Londres, Inglaterra–27 abr. 1794, Calcuta).

Orientalista, lingüista y jurista británico. En 1771 dio término a un docto compendio titulado Grammar of the Persian Language [Gramática persa]. Por razones financieras, se dedicó al estudio y ejercicio de la abogacía. En 1782 se publicó su Moallakât, traducción de siete odas árabes famosas. Al año siguiente fue nombrado caballero y enviado a Calcuta, actualmente Kolkata, como juez del Tribunal Supremo. Fundó la Sociedad asiática de Bengala para estimular los estudios asiáticos y publicó obras de gran erudición sobre la ley hindú y musulmana. Su propuesta, formulada en 1786, acerca de la existencia de una fuente común para todas las lenguas desde el celta hasta el sánscrito llevó al reconocimiento de la familia de las lenguas indoeuropeas.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

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  • Jones, Sir William — (1746 1794)    Born in London of Welsh parentage, the youngest child of William Jones, he was educated at Harrow School and graduated M.A. from University College, Oxford, in 1773. A language prodigy, by the end of his life he had learned 28… …   British and Irish poets

  • Jones, Sir William — born Sept. 28, 1746, London, Eng. died April 27, 1794, Calcutta British orientalist, linguist, and jurist. He completed an authoritative Grammar of the Persian Language in 1771. For financial reasons he then turned to the study and practice of… …   Universalium

  • JONES, SIR WILLIAM —    English Orientalist, born in London; passed through Oxford to the English bar in 1774, and was made a judge in Bengal in 1783; early devoted to Eastern languages and literature, he published numerous translations and other works, concluding… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jones, Sir William — (1746 1794)    Orientalist and jurist, was b. in London, and ed. at Harrow and Oxf. He lost his f., an eminent mathematician, at 3 years of age. He early showed extraordinary aptitude for acquiring languages, specially those of the East, and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Hall-Jones, Sir William — ▪ prime minister of New Zealand born , Jan. 16, 1851, Folkestone, Kent, Eng. died June 19, 1936, Wellington, N.Z.       politician and respected administrator who served for a short time as prime minister of New Zealand (1906) and who later was… …   Universalium

  • Sir William Perkins's School — HeadmistressMrs Del CookeChairman of GovernorsDr Alun JonesFounded1725School typeIndependentReligious affiliationSecularSpecialismEverythingForms4 (L,M,P,Q)LocationChertsey, EnglandEnrollment600 ish pupils …   Wikipedia

  • Burne-Jones, Sir Edward Coley, 1st Baronet — ▪ British painter original name  Edward Coley Burne Jones   born Aug. 28, 1833, Birmingham, Eng. died June 17, 1898, London       one of the leading painters and designers of late 19th century England, whose romantic paintings using medieval… …   Universalium

  • MACKENZIE, Sir William Colin (1877-1938) — he was seldom known by his first name anatomist was the youngest son of John and Anne Mackenzie. He was born at Kilmore, Victoria, on 9 March 1877, obtained a scholarship at the local state school, and continued his education at Scotch College,… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Gilbert, Sir William Schwenck — (1836 1911)    Born in London, the son of the novelist William Gilbert, he was educated at King s College, London, and graduated from London University in 1857. His name has become immortalized as the librettist of the duo Gilbert and Sullivan, a …   British and Irish poets

  • Burne-Jones, Sir Edward (Coley) — born Aug. 28, 1833, Birmingham, Eng. died June 17, 1898, London British painter, illustrator, and designer. At Oxford he met his future collaborator, William Morris. In 1856 he became apprenticed to Dante Gabriel Rossetti. His paintings portray… …   Universalium